National Estimates: Eviction in America

  • The Eviction Lab
  • Princeton University

Since the Eviction Lab’s inception, we’ve been in constant pursuit of a seemingly simple question: how many evictions take place in the United States each year? After countless hours of data collection and research, we are finally able to produce some of the first estimates of the national prevalence of eviction.

Below you will find a table that shows our current national estimates of eviction filings and evictions, as well as their respective rates. The numbers of evictions and filings listed tell you the total number of evictions and filings that appeared in our data in a given year. The eviction and filing rates tell you what percentage of renter occupied households experienced either an eviction or an eviction filing in a given year.

We calculated rates by dividing each year’s eviction filings or evictions by the total number of renter occupied households and multiplying by 100 so that the rate was represented as a percentage.

You may notice that the numbers of evictions and filings appear to increase over time while the rates remain fairly consistent. This is because both the total number of evictions and the total number of renting households in our data increased over time.

Year Renter Occupied Households Eviction Filings Evictions Eviction Filing Rate Eviction Rate
2000 19327822 1159168 518873 6 2.68
2001 27438838 1750452 754652 6.38 2.75
2002 29982440 2085491 864918 6.96 2.88
2003 30330222 2134014 910361 7.04 3
2004 30784432 2177018 940817 7.07 3.06
2005 31969192 2306580 969303 7.22 3.03
2006 32578412 2441067 1019600 7.49 3.13
2007 31207532 2002531 958605 6.42 3.07
2008 31990144 2079865 996233 6.5 3.11
2009 32757084 2108719 952699 6.44 2.91
2010 33685912 2374084 993531 7.05 2.95
2011 33975472 2452080 987999 7.22 2.91
2012 34676936 2420135 983666 6.98 2.84
2013 35361292 2378464 930693 6.73 2.63
2014 36302464 2394318 908977 6.6 2.5
2015 36502680 2288732 870325 6.27 2.38
2016 38372860 2350042 898479 6.12 2.34

(Scroll within table to see all statistics)

As the figures above show, our current data suggest there was roughly 1 eviction filing for every 17 renter households between 2000 and 2016. Approximately 1 in 40 renter households were evicted over this period. To put these numbers into perspective, at the peak of the financial crisis in 2010, estimates suggest slightly over one million foreclosures were completed nationally. By comparison, we see almost a million evictions against tenants every single year. The narrative on housing often focuses on displacement among homeowners, but our findings suggest that there is an ongoing epidemic of eviction and displacement in the renting market. As you’ll see from the graphs below, the national eviction and filing rates have remained consistent over time, with small declines over the last few years.

It is important to note that there are several places where we do not have all eviction records, including New York and California. More information about why can be found in our Methodology Report. As a result, our current national estimates of evictions and eviction filings underestimate the overall prevalence of both. Our data collection efforts are ongoing, and we will continue to update our estimates as we learn more.

If you have any questions or would like to get in touch with the Eviction Lab, please email us at info@evictionlab.org. We also invite you to explore justshelter.org, a resource built by our team with contact information for housing advocates all across the country.

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